新《易》派   
                The New School of I Ching
                 

  

    循環與相對

周易基本常識

廿一世紀《易》

 Changes

    Cyclicity & Relativity

 

I Ching Application in the 21st Century


在21世紀的今天,沒有含高度智慧的策略則不足以在白熱化的競爭環境下突圍而出。這樣,只有把《周易》裡的宇宙級智慧重新整理和全面理論化,使其中學問的層次做到深淺分明,使學易者容易明白、吸收、而後能夠應用在生活的訴求上。在往後處事的時候,更能夠真正達到「極深研幾」的境界,再不會容易感到迷惘。漢易和宋易的元素偏離了《周易》原來的宇宙哲學,根本缺乏宇宙真理的理論支持,並不能有益於今日形勢,因此它們並非我們新學說的樑柱。新易派是把《周易》的宇宙觀重頭組織和下定義,使「循環」與「相對」的理論成為本派的重心學說。當然,「循環」與「相對」的理論也須從「變」說起。

周易》是說載「變」的書,這是一般的理解。它哪裡談到「變」呢?有人認為「易」就是「變易」的意思。又因為在卜筮的過程中可能出現「動爻」、或稱「爻變」,乃主宰所筮問的事,所以便認為「易」即「變」的意思。這些都勉勉強強說得過去。那麼,究竟《周易》裡是否真是含有「變」這樣東西呢?讓我們先看下面的圖解,然後再探討何謂變、甚麼會變、甚麼會不變。

簡單地說,《周易》所含載的元素籠統地稱為「變」。其實應該說:是由於「變」的兩個元素「循環」和「相對」,才使我們看見「它」。所以「變」其實是有「循環的變」和「相對的變」的兩種體現。宇宙間一切東西都在變;有形實的在變、無形實的也在變。有形實的如一切生物,不消說會經歷生老病死。永恆的鑽石又是否真的不變?不是的,太陽系裡的星球正步向毀滅(或稱轉化);那麼,在地球上的一切又哪會長存?任何物質比人類生命長壽的,在相對的角度上可稱為不變;例如鑽石,在人類眼中它是永恆不變的。撇開上述太陽系趨於轉化的事實不談,就算鑽石不會被磨滅,它都有被客觀環境改變的可能;例如遭受意外或人為的破壞。此外,擁有權的轉移亦是屬於它的一種改變。

那麼真理不會變吧?真理受時間的考驗,屹然不倒,是謂真理;在這個邏輯下看,它可謂「不變」。但當這個「真理」因「環境改變」而變得不「真」時,它其實就不成真理。例如牛頓的萬有引力定律到目前為止還是真理,其中道理可以說永遠不變;直至它被其他理論否定。假設一天,有人發現物件掉在地上並不是因地心有吸力,而是大氣層這球體裡有一種內向(朝地心)的壓力,無論任何有形實的東西也都受壓,因此只見它們都「站」在地面上的現象(同現在一樣),牛頓的萬有引力「真理」便不再是真理這當然談不上不變的問題了。真理的不變,是相對的環境不變所支持。相對的環境改變時,真理不成理,也都出現「變」了。「真理」的「不變」是含時間性的,因此說,真理也會「變」。

 

回到此頁頂端

循環與相對

變有兩種不同的體現;就是「循環的變」和「相對的變」。生物的生老病死、季節的春夏秋冬,便是「循環的變」;鑽石的擁有權轉移,便是「相對的變」。又例如微軟股價去年由$70上升至$120是「循環的變」;背景是被認為將有可觀的盈利。今年價格由$105下跌至$63;背景是受反壟斷法裁定所影響。去年人人欲以$70的價錢買入,今年人人卻以$63賤價沽出;我們在這裡看到意向上的轉變。這種轉變就是「相對的變」。

再看回上面的圖解。我們以簡易的語句來解讀之:

  1. 循環與相對

  2. 時、位、勢

  3. 天人之學

 

回到此頁頂端

21世紀《易》

《易》在21世紀怎樣發揮功效?這正是上文提到的新易派的主張。在這非常複雜的競爭世界裡,我們需要用超脫的思維方式處事,才不致得少失多。有鑑於此,易學的傳統部分我們知而不用,而著重發揮《易》原來的天道思想(陰陽、循環、相對等);這些重新整理的資料己在上文概述。現將兩者(傳統的易、新易派)的素材歸納,請看下圖便自明瞭。

 

                                       

 

為甚麼要學《易》?  

想學《周易》的人都有不同的希冀:

以上所說,都已是很充份的理由了。不過,我們認為《周易》的最大用處是應世、是實踐。《周易》的智慧令我們得到通才的能力,而且是凌駕性。所謂通才能力,是智力可以達致廣泛性應用的境界。所謂凌駕性,是在每件事的處理上獨具卓見,主導變通。「易以致用」是確然的,《繫辭》早己道出了真諦:

「夫易,聖人之所以極深而研幾也。唯深也,故能通天下之志。唯幾也,故能成天下之務。唯神也,故不疾而速,不行而至。」

譯文:

「易,上古聖人用來參透事物、以及捕捉機微的工具。因為只有參透,才能明白天下(人)的思想;只有把握機微,才能做好天下的事情;只有領悟到進退定律,便可做到不疾而速(有效率)、不行而至(後發先至)。」

 

因此,通過認真的學習,你可以擁有:

1.   駕馭環境的能力

如果你暫時沒有以上所述的希冀,想想是否在你本身擁有的技能以外(或以上)總嫌有些不足呢?沒錯,是少了更高層次的思維訓練,所以難有突破。沮喪的產生,有時是因為環境變遷快速而在意料之外,使你難以應付;這情形便叫做「給環境支配」。長期給環境支配,便真正需要反思個人能力是否不逮了。最後,長期沮喪變成自卑。人生之中,不論窮通,大部份時間應該有能力駕馭環境;雖然「駕馭」並無從心所欲的意思。能夠駕馭環境是我們對未來景況的衡量足備,心裡已知過半,所以處貧則安貧樂道,處富則家有餘慶。因此精確地說,它是提升智慧的訓練工具,使能駕馭無時不現的人生阻困。駕馭環境的能力必須擁有,否則便被環境所支配,沮喪一生。

2. 勇氣和決斷

無論你還在學習《易》的階段、或者己學通了它,最少你會常常嚐試運用哲理去分析問題。有否注意到,它每每會誘發疲累了的腦細胞再度活躍、或刺激到另一個思考面?看看在實用上,《易》在運用上掌握這兩個具體的應用法則:

3. 思維立體化

改善思維方式:從平面而到立體、從千絲萬縷到反璞歸真。這種思考上的鍛鍊並非祗為擴闊思維的領域如此單純(任何哲學的深究都有可能擴闊思維),是為了以「循環往復」的綱領,來令你明白身處何位、何時應攻、何時當守;活學緊記「乘勢」的道理。其中,時運轉折點的把握便是這裡頭最重要的學問。

大策略的智慧提供獨特的思維營養:明暸了廣義的宇宙哲理「循環」「相對」外,在狹義的角度上把握《周易》裡的策略,在和平與競爭兩個世界裡,得心應手。在心境上,你會潛移默化提升了智慧的級數,在你身旁的人就定必體會得更為清楚了。

4. 自信自重

《周易》裡沒有教人成仁取義,但哲理裡頭的重點:「中」,足可代表一切。「中」有中庸、中正、中道的含義。到了「中」的境地,自然能夠自信自重。由此,人生觀點積極化,永不言倦、百折不撓。縱然偶有沮喪,很快便能回復重新部署的活力。

 

 

 

 

Back To The Top Of This Page

(Translation)

In the 21st century, you are in no way to outperform competitors of today without strategies of superior wisdom. Hence, all we can do for you is to consolidate &/or theorize this wisdom of the Universe (I Ching), ranging from the basic to the sophisticated, so that I Ching learners can easily understand, absorb and subsequently can make use of it to deal with the realistic demand in daily lives. From then on, they will equip with “know deep, detect quick” ability, with which they will not easily fall in doubt. Han I and Sung I had deviated from the theme of I Ching philosophy whereas they contain nothing about the truth of the Universe. As such, they are not beneficial at all in today’s world. Therefore, they are not considered to be the pillars of the New School of I Ching. We have re-established and redefined the viewpoints about the Universe that I Ching contains as the doctrine of the New School of I Ching, i.e. “Cyclicity & Relativity”. Of course, we still have to begin with “Changes”

I Ching is a book of “Changes”. This is the general perception. But where does it so mentioned? Somebody say “I” means “changes”. Or due to “lines” may change during divination that presides over the inquiring instance, it is perceived that “I” is “changes”. These explanations are alright. Thus, is there really “changes” as an element in I Ching philosophy? Let’s look at the diagram below first, and then we talk about what is “change”, what could change and what could not change.

 

Simply, the elements that I Ching contains can be called “changes”. Yet, in precise terms, we can see “changes” due to two components-Cyclicity & Relativity. Therefore, “changes” may be changes due to cyclicity, due to relativity, or due to both. Everything in the Universe is changing. Those that have physical froms are changing while those that have none are also changing. Those that have taken up in physical forms like creatures will pass through from birth to death. So, is diamond really forever? No, as the solar system is marching towards destruction, how can anything on the Earth exist eternally? Anything that lives longer than us is relatively branded as “still”, e.g. diamond. Therefore, from human’s view, diamond will never change. Let’s put aside the above-mentioned phenomenon of the solar system, which is on its way to destruction, even if diamond will not destroy by itself, it could still be affected by circumstantial changes; for example, being flawed by accident or deliberation. The shift of ownership is also another kind of change.

How about truth? Truth is testified by time. If it has not been disproved, it is deemed true. When this “truth” becomes untrue due to the change of environment, it is in fact not a truth. For example, Newton’s law of gravitation up till now is a truth. As it is true, it will not change, until it is disproved. If one day, somebody would have found out the reason that things fell on the ground was not due to gravity, but due to a force within the atmosphere, which pressured everything in the direction towards the centre of the Earth, so as if all substances were standing upright on the ground. Until then, Newton’s law of gravitation is no longer a truth. As this possibility cannot be ruled out, the “truth” is in no way “won’t change”. Truth won’t change as its relative environment supports its being. When its relative environment changes, the”truth” becomes “no truth”. The ‘unchange’of truth is subject to time. Therefore, it is said: “Truth will change”.

 

Back To The Top Of This Page

Cyclicity and Relativity

Specifically, “change” has two kinds of expressions. One is change of cyclicity and the other is change of relativity. Creatures begin with birth and end with death.This is the change of cyclicity. Year begins with Spring and ends with Winter. This is also the change of cyclicity. However, shift of ownership is the change of relativity. The share price of Microsoft climbing from $70 to $120 yesteryear is the change of cyclicity, thanks to the forecast that there might be huge profits to be reported for the year. This year, its price falling from $105 to $63, thanks to the impact from the anti-trust verdict. $70 of yesteryear was the price that people rushed to buy, $63 of this year is the price that people rushed to sell. We can see the change of people’s intention. This change is the change of relativity.

Let’s go back to the diagram above. We use simple and short sentences to explain in the followings:

  1. Cyclicity & Relativity

  2. Timing, Positioning, Trend

  3. The Learning of Heaven & Man

 

Back To The Top Of This Page

I Ching in the 21st Century

How can the I Ching philosophy play an effective role in the 21st century? It is exactly the suggestion of the New School of I Ching that we indicated above. Today, we need to apply extraordinary way of thinking to excel. In view of this, we deliberately set aside the traditional learning of I Ching, and focus on the thinking of the “Way” of the Universe (i.e. Yin Yang, Cyclicity & Relativity etc.). The re-theorized materials have been discussed, however we compare the traditional learning with ours and summarize those in the diagram below, which is self-explanatory.

                                  

        

Copyright I Ching Advisory Consultants Limited. All rights reserved.

 

回主頁 回到此頁頂端